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The seed industry has a twofold responsibility for seed health: to deliver sufficiently healthy seed to its customers and to respect national phytosanitary regulations

Seeds are the foundation for crop production and seed health is related to food production in many ways. Healthy seeds, free from known seed transmitted pathogens, are a prerequisite for sustainable food production.

Seeds may present a pest risk. They are, therefore, routinely tested to prevent or control plant pests and pathogens that may affect seed quality, seed movement, and their introduction into new territories. A seed health test is also frequently a phytosanitary requirement imposed by national plant protection authorities before allowing seed to enter their territory.